Thailand’s Land Title Deeds And Ownership Rights? There are generally five types of Land Title deeds in Thailand that are used as common evidence of land ownership, possession rights, and other interests in land.

Chanot (Nor Sor 4): This land title deed, is registered at the Land Department in the province in which the land is located, it grants the holder of the documents full rights over the land. It is therefore the safest type of title deed. The title deed contains a legal description of the land boundary markers (concrete posts) that are carefully ascertained and referenced by satellite images.

Nor Sor 3 Gor: This land title deed designates ownership of land with fairly certain boundaries, but it is not yet a full land title (chanot). A final official measuring is required by the land department along with the placing of official markers (concrete posts). This type of land title may be sold, transferred, or mortgaged. If the land owner files a request with the Land Department, surveyors from the land department will measure the land; the title may be changed to Chanot.

Nor Sor 3: Although ownership of the land covered in this title is relatively ascertained, the Land Department has never measured or recognized the boundaries. Therefore boundary markers are normally placed by property owners rather than government authorities. Accordingly, the main risk is whether the boundaries and size of the land is accurate. (This has led to many disputes and long drawn out legal process.)

Possessory Right: This is usually an inherited land right proven by tax payments at the local administrative office. It is one of the weakest types of land rights.

Sor Por Kor 4-01: This land title deed is agricultural, usually found in rural areas. Government land is transferred for agricultural purposes to poor families. Residence is allowed on a portion of the land. It is difficult for a non-Thai to obtain an interest in this type of land deed.

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